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In 2001, Indonesia had 93.8Mha of primary forest*, extending over 50% of its land area. In 2021, it lost 203kha of primary forest*, equivalent to 157Mt of CO₂ emissions.
*Primary forest is defined as mature natural humid tropical forest that has not been completely cleared and regrown in recent history.
Explore interactive charts and maps that summarize the human use of land in Indonesia. Statistics – including export flows of agricultural commodities, the economic impact of forests and forestry employment – can be customized, easily shared and downloaded for offline use.